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Agriculture – Life of Farmers

agriculture of rajasthan

 

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342 thousand square kilometers in the Indian state of Rajasthan, the largest state in area, which is 23 ’30’ and 30’l2 ‘North Ancshas 69’30’ and 78 ‘, 17′ is located between east longitude. The developed states like Punjab and Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh in the east, south and south-west Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat is located. Aravali range extends from northeast to southwest to the state nearly two opposite and uneven terrain is divided into desert and semi-Baluri areas.

61 per cent of the total area of the north-western part, is arid or semi-arid and entirely dependent on rain. In this part Ganganagar, Churu, Hanumangarh, Bikaner, Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur district in which rainfall is 20 to 35 centimeters in which the remaining north-western part of the Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Nagaur, Pali and Jalore districts that are generally 30 to 50 By centimeters of rain.

The state’s south-east region, which is 39 percent of the total area, is fertile. A portion of this area is black or Bluri-loam soil which is 10 percent of the total area in Chittorgarh, Jhalawar, Banswara and Kota district are covered. In this part rainfall normally exceeds 80 centimeters. The second part is the eastern and southern region, which is 29 percent of the total area in Ajmer, Jaipur, Alwar, Bharatpur, Dolpur, Swarimadopur, Sirohi, Bundi, Tonk, Dungarpur, Udaipur, Bhilwara and Rajsamand district, are covered. Is between 50 to 80 centimeters of rain in this part

Establishment of the Department of Agriculture
As a result of the integration of the princely states integrated state Department of Agriculture was founded in 1949 and expanded in 1952. In addition to the production of agricultural commodities in agriculture dropped from the Agriculture Department Animal Husbandry Department. The department was restructured in 1955 and the structure of the department came into existence on a block level. The expansion work at the field level panchayat committees working in agriculture is done by supervisors. Techniques for developing subject-specific cells such as plant-plant sciences, plant-disease-science, entomology, crop science, chemistry, agricultural statistics were formed etc. Anusnndhan center and laboratories have been established at regional level.